[ 16   2   2016. ]

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THE EPIC MANAS AND HISTORY: THE EVOLUTION OF SCIENTISTS' VIEWPOINTS (2 ARTICLE)
The article is the continuation of the 1st article, which considered the views of the scientists who studied the epic Manas in connection with the history. The article covers the opinions of such famous experts of Manas studies as M. Auezov, V. Jirmunskiy, K. Rahmatullin, B. Yunusaliev, R. Kydyrbaeva etc. in relation to the specified problem.


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THE AFFIX LA IN KYRGYZ AND ALTAIC LANGUAGE AND ITS USAGE
The author brie reviews the history of the affix la, presents some similarities and differences of the derived verds with this affix in the Kyrgyz and Altaic languages.


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SEMANTIC ISSUES OF THE WORD AK (WHITE) IN KYRGYZ AND CHINESE LANGUAGES
The article discusses some semantic issues of the consept ak (white) in the Kyrgyz and Chinese languages.

Satilmish Bacak

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LONG VOWELS IN KYRGYZ LANGUAGE
Vowels in Altaic languages are categorized into two types as back vowels (thick) (a, aa, o, oo, u, uu, I, II) and front vowels (thin) (e, ee, o, oo, Y, YY, i, ii) (Poppe, 1960: 148). Long vowels in the contemporary Kyrgyz language (Kyrg. suu, too etc.), appeared because of consonant assimilation. Primary long vowels no longer exist in the Kyrgyz language except for some cases (. aary, taany etc.).



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THE PHONETIC STRUCTURE OF THE OLD TURKIC MANUSCRIPTS
The article deals with the scientific and theoretical researches on the phonetic structure of the Old Turkic manuscripts.



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PECULIARITIES IN SYNTACTIC STRUCTURES OF SOME KYRGYZ PROVERBS
The article conducts a versatile research on unsolved problems in syntactic peculiarities of some Kyrgyz proverbs. Structural, semantic and communicative analysis of proverbial units is suggested for a proper definition of syntactic status of such constructions.



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TURKI (KYRGYZ) LANGUAGE STUDY: NEW METHODS
This paper analyzes experimental phonetics in learning Kyrgyz.

Mustafa Ocakbegi
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THEME OF A MOTHER AMONG WOMAN TYPES IN CH. AITMATOVS WORKS
Women play a significant role in Turkish culture. Women took important responsibilities in the re-establishment of a community of Kyrgyz Turks whose past is closely associated with wars and different struggles. We can say that Chyngyz Aitmatov is one of the outstanding writers whose works are devoted for struggles, difficulties and sacrifices of women during World War II.

Gulnara Yeleukulova, Alima Yeleukulova
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KAZAKH CULTURE, ORAL TRADITION AND FOLKLORE
This paper gives the authorsstance to the study of Kazakh folklore. Although the nomads of the Central Asia including Kazakhs did not have literacy, they had abundant oral evidence.

Kemal Ust

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STARTING PROCEDURE IN KYRGYZ AND TURKISH BARDSHIP TRADITION
Bardship (also known as kam,baksy, bakshy in other Turkic languages) tradition originally based on Central Asia. Though there are differences between bardship in Turkey and Kyrgyzstan, there are similarities in starting processes of the art.

Omer Kuchukmehmetoglu
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PLURAL SUFFIX IN THE BASHKIR LANGUAGE AND ITS MORPHOLOGICAL FUNCTION
The history of Bashkirs dates back to the times of Golden Horde and the Kazan Khanate. Nowadays its is population is 1.6 million people. The Bashkir language is close to Kipchak Turkic group. The article discusses the plural suffix in the Bashkir language and its morphological function.



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LINGUISTIC NATURE OF CONNOTATION
The paper analyzes the nature of connotation.

Yahya Polat

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OBJECT IN TURKISH AND KYRGYZ PROVERBS
The paper compares objects (syntax) in Turkish and Kyrgyz proverbs and sayings. The research examines the differences and similarities.



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PROBLEMS OF NATIVE LANGUAGE OF UIGHURS IN KYRGYZSTAN
At the present time, the number of Uighurs comprise in Kyrgyzstan more than 60 thousand people. There are no Uighur schools in Kyrgyzstan. Uighurs study in Kyrgyz, Uzbek and Russian schools.



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LOAN WORDS FROM ENGLISH INTO KYRGYZ
It is an indisputable case that many nations use English words because this language was able to coin words at the international level. The number of English words used in the Kyrgyz language, is increasing day by day due to the development of technology.


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ENANTIOSEMY IN KYRGYZ AND TURKISH
This paper studies enantiosemy in Kyrgyz and Turkish.



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CONCEPT OF WORDS BLACK AND WHITE IN KYRGYZ AND TURKISH LANGUAGES
Language and cultural systems have mutual and distinctive features. Depending on the language, thought, perception of the environment and the level of human culture, the common basic concept will vary lexical- semantic diversity. This leads to the elasticity and flexibility of different languages, causes the continued existence of the word in communication and determines the character of a nation.


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WORKS OF WRITING POETS: NUR MOLDO
The article discusses the biography and creative works of the Kyrgyz poet of the 19th century Nur moldo. Critics compared him to the classic of oriental poetry Saadi. The article explores Nur moldos biography through the prism of his poetry and his attitudes towards oriental poetry and poets. Research outcomes drawn on the basis of this study are presented, too.



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STUDY OF COMPARISON IN KYRGYZ
This paper analyzes comparison in Kyrgyz as the linguistic device.


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THE IMAGE OF POSITIVE CHARACTER IN THE WORKS OF F. DOSTOYEVSKI AND CH. AITMATOV
This paper studies the positive character images in the works of F. Dostoyevski and Ch. Aitmatov.


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THE WRITER AND THE ISSUE OF AUTHORITY IN KYRGYZ LITERATURE: ROLE OF K. MALIKOV IN KYRGYZ LITERATURE
The paper deals with the role of writer K. Malikov in Kyrgyz literature.


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PROVERBS AND SAYINGS IN THE WORK OF M. KASHGARI AS THE SOURCE FOR EDUCATION AND INFORMATION
This paper deals with analysis of proverbs and sayings in the work of M.Kashgari as the source for education and information.


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RESEARCH ON THE COGNITIVE TERM OF CONCEPT
The article discusses the nation of concept and provides its definition. It analyzes the two categories of the term: lingo-cultural and lingo-cognitive.

Mirgul Tekeshova
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HUMANISTIC VALUES IN THE NOVEL WHEN THE MOUNTAINS FALL BY CH. AITMATOV
This paper studies human values in the novel When the mountains fall by Ch. Aitmatov.


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LANGUAGE FEATURES OF KIPCHAK TRIBES IN THE WORK OF MAHMUD KASHGARI DIVAN LUGAT-IT TURK
This paper analyzes some linguistic features of the language of Kypchak Turkic tribesin comparison with languages of Karakhanid Turkic tribes. It reveals similarities and differences between them. The paper considers linguistic features, such as vowel harmony, assimilation, permutation, sound alternation, types of syllables on the basis of Divan Lugat at-Turk by Mahmud al-Kashgari.


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READING AND TRANSLATION OF KASHGARYS DIVANU LUGATY-T TURK IN TURKIC LANGUAGES
This article considers the translation of M. Kashgarys work Divanulugaty-t turk into the Turkic languages (Turkish, Uzbek, Uyghur, Kazakh and Kyrgyz) and Russian languages. It also researches the different readings of Arabic words (especially vowels) by the scholars. Phonetic and semantic proximity of the Kyrgyz language with the original is analyzed.



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THE ROLE OF TRANSLATION IN CHILDRENS LITERATURE OF KYRGYZSTAN
The article gives brief information about Kyrgyz childrens literature. It studies its origin and development. Also, it studies the first attempts of translation of world and Russian classic literature into Kyrgyz.

Meerim Kinalieva
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TRANSLATION ADEQUACY IN SIMULTANEOUS INTERPRETATION OF OFFICIAL SPEECHES (ON THE BASIS OF BILINGUAL STUDENTS ERRORS)
In this article, we will consider the translation adequacy during simultaneous interpretation and problems of bilingualism from the point of interaction of heterogeneous languages, namely Kyrgyz, English and Russian, code-switching or, in other words, the way of switching from one language to another, cognitive aspects of language use as one system, due to the similarity and community of the principles of organization of language systems.

Nurgul Karybekova

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MAIN CHALLENGES IN THE TRANSLATION OF MOVIE TITLES
This article is devoted to one of the widely discussed problems related to the main challenges and techniques of movie title translation. Movie titles are always the first thing that the audience comes to know about new movies.



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TRANSLATION DIFFICULTIES IN ENGLISH TECHNICAL TERMS
The article describes the function of technical terms, gives examples and peculiarities of technical terms translation taking into account the difficulties a translator faces. It also gives the technical terms classifications as well as points out peculiarities of semantic connections between multiunit components of complex technical terms.


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THE IMAGE OF HORSES IN THE EPIC MANAS
The study deals with epic Manas of Kyrgyz people. The paper analyzes the horses of heroes from an episode Commemoration of Koketay on the basis of Chokan Ualikhanovs manuscripts. The research also deals with historical basis and textual criticism of the folk epic.

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